Volume 3 Issue 2

Case Report: Refractory Postoperative Hypoxaemia Secondary to Pulmonary Leukostasis Syndrome. Can we think about this?

Ana Belen Fernandez* and Marina Sanchez

The incidence of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia is about 4 new cases/100,000 habitants per year, and only 10%-20% of patients present with hyperleukocytosis. 30%-40% of hyperleucocytic patients develop clinical signs of brain or pulmonary leukostasis, resulting from the obstruction of capillary vessels by leukaemic cells. Early recognition of leukostasis syndrome is of great importance since leucapheresis may improve short-term outcome. Our case is an AML debut that presents with hypoxemia and progressive respiratory failure, in early postsurgical period of corpo-caudal pancreatectomy, demonstrating the need to have this diagnosis in our minds to start treatment as soon as possible.

Cite this Article: Fernandez AB, Sanchez M. Refractory Postoperative Hypoxaemia Secondary to Pulmonary Leukostasis Syndrome. Can we think about this? Am J Anesth Clin Res. 2017;3(2): 031-033.

Published: 21 October 2017

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