Volume 2 Issue 1
Review Article: Recent Innovations in Textile Sutures - An Approach towards Improved Surgical Procedures
Gokarneshan N* and Velumani K
The present age is witnessing revolutionary polymeric textile implantable devices which have set in new trend in traditional materials and methods of surgery. Such scientifically advanced polymer materials have been designed for particular needs in surgical and interventional procedures. Investigations have been carried out to study properties of suture materials so as to enable surgeons make proper choice of sutures for particular surgical end uses. Damaged tissues have been repaired through use of absorbable suture that close the edges of a wound or incision. Non-absorbable sutures have been made to remain permanently in the body or removed after certain duration of healing. It holds valid for sutures of similar chemical nature and of various geometric construction, like Ethilon aganist Nurolon. Silk sutures have been treated with natural fungal pigment of varying concentrations to study its influence on the properties of silk sutures like tenacity, knot strength, friction and antimicrobial activity. The finding revealed that the pigment concentration in the chosen range did not considerably influence the suture properties considered. With the increase in the pigment concentration the antimicrobial activity also increases as pointed out by antimicrobial test results against select types of bacterium. The stages involved in the synthetic suture production include filament manufacturing process, suture needle fabrication and sterilization. Review has been done relating to the raw materials, production phases of sutures, design of suture, insertion process and geometry of suture needle. For over 50 years biomedical textiles and fiber-based implants (BTFIs) have commonly used for clinical purpose to enable healing of the different types of biomaterials used, silk - based biomaterials have been widely used clinically and are being increasingly considered for its potential as biomedical textiles.
Cite this Article: Gokarneshan N, Velumani K. Recent Innovations in Textile Sutures - An Approach towards Improved Surgical Procedures. Sci J Biomed Eng Biomed Sci. 2018;2(1): 001-007.
Published: 26 January 2018
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